Angels in Blue and Gray
Logic Puzzle for Breakout EDU
War and human conflict can bring out the worst in some and "the better angels of our nature" in others. Please identify each of the four individuals or units in the Civil War who earned the title "angel," the type of "angel" they were, and the date the name was given to them based on the clues below.
1. Army medical supplies were far behind the fast-moving troops at Antietam battlefield in September 1862. This angel delivered a wagon load of bandages and other medical supplies that she had personally collected over the past year.
2. He freed himself, his crew and their families from slavery on May 13, 1862, by commandeering a Confederate gunboat, CSS Planter, in Charleston harbor, and sailing it from Confederate-controlled waters to the U.S. blockade. Less than a year later, he would return to Charleston harbor as the pilot of a new Union ironclad to attack Confederate-held Fort Sumter.
3. This regiment gained recognition on July 18, 1863, when it spearheaded an assault on Fort Wagner near Charleston, South Carolina. Although Union forces were not able to take and hold the fort, the regiment was widely acclaimed for its valor during the battle, and the event helped encourage the further enlistment and mobilization of African-American troops.
4. Although it was not the only female military unit organized during the Civil War, this militia was unique in several respects. First, the women drilled and continued target practice until the end of the war. Second, unlike other female militias, the women faced Union troops as a regiment.
5. The war did not end for this regiment after the Battle of Fort Wagner. In addition to fierce fighting, they built roads and Union forts in the sea islands around Charleston, earning the nickname "the Swamp Angels."
6. Late in the war, their Georgia town became a refugee center because of its railroad line. Their town's hospitals were often full so nearly all the Nancy Harts took patients into their homes for individualized care.
7. He was made pilot of the ironclad USS Keokuk and led a Union Navy attack on Fort Sumter on April 7, 1863. The Keokuk took 96 hits in the battle; only his skill and knowledge of the local water kept the ship afloat until it was out of range of Confederate guns and he led the Union flotilla into the creeks and marshes south of Charleston.
8. Remembering the unlikely figure in her bonnet, red bow, and dark dress the night of September 17th, Dr. James Dunn said, "In my feeble estimation, General McClellan, with all his laurels, sinks into insignificance beside the true heroine of the age, the angel of the battlefield."
9. The all African-American regiment was at the Battle of Olustee or Battle of Ocean Pond in Florida on February 20, 1864. When a train carrying wounded Union soldiers broke down, the "Swamp Angels" marched ten miles, rescued the soldiers, and pulled the train cars using manpower for three miles until horses could be found.
10. As the Union troops approached LaGrange, Georgia, on April 17, 1865, the Nancy Harts stepped in to protect the town. They marched to the campus of LaGrange College on the edge of town to meet approaching enemy forces. When the Union cavalry arrived in LaGrange, the women peacefully surrendered the the town. In return, the Union troops supplied food the female soldiers used to feed both the Union soldiers and citizens.
11. After the war, he returned to South Carolina and became a politician, winning election as an African-American to the South Carolina State legislature and the United States House of Representatives during Reconstruction.
12. After the war, Miss Barton began her most enduring work—the establishment of the American Red Cross. A reluctant Congress could not imagine the country ever again being involved in armed conflict after the Civil War. Finally, in 1881 at age 60, she persuaded the government to recognize the Red Cross could provide aid for natural disasters in peacetime as well as during war.